The TOSCRF-2 is a quick and accurate method of assessing the silent general reading ability of students ranging in age from 7 years 0 months to 24 years 11 months. It has a test manual and four equivalent forms (A, B, C, D). The TOSCRF-2 was normed using a national representative sample of 2,375 individuals, residing in 29 states. It yields raw scores, standard scores, percentiles, and age and grade equivalents. Classroom teachers, special education teachers, reading specialists, school psychologists, speech pathologists, or any other professionals with some training in standardized test administration can use the TOSCRF-2. Using a series of printed passages adapted from those in the Gray Oral Reading TestsFifth Edition and the Gray Silent Reading Tests, the TOSCRF can be used to identify both poor and good readers. Students are presented with short passages comprised of rows of contextually related words, ordered by reading difficulty; all words are printed in uppercase without any spaces or punctuation between the words (e.g., AYELLOWBIRDWITHBLUEWINGS). Students are asked to draw a line between the boundaries of as many recognizable words as possible within 3 minutes (e.g., A/YELLOW/BIRD/WITH/BLUE/WINGS). The passages become gradually more complex in their content, vocabulary, and grammar (embedded phrases, sequenced adjectives, affixes, etc.). To do well on the test, the student has to read the meaning of the text.
The test can be easily administered to a single student or to an entire classroom of children, thus making it an efficient and cost-effective screening method. Any one of the four equivalent forms (A, B, C, and D) may be administered to a single child or an entire classroom of children, depending on the purpose of the assessment. While most uses require only a single form administration, you may administer any two forms concurrently to increase reliability. A single form can be administered in 3 minutes and two forms can be administered in 6 minutes. New validity studies for TOSCRF-2 show that it is valid for a wide variety of subgroups, as well as for the general population. In addition, we have expanded our study of the tests validity by investigating its diagnostic accuracy as it relates to its sensitivity, specificity, classification accuracy, and receiver operating characteristic/area under the curve (ROC/AUC). These analyses are particularly rigorous, evidence-based techniques for establishing validity.
Use with elementary through high school students.
Examiner's Manual, 25 Student Record Forms A, 25 Student Record Forms B, 25 Student Record Forms C, 25 Student Record Forms D, all in a sturdy storage box.